President Barack Obama

Official White House Photo by Pete Souza

Darlene Superville and Erica Werner
Associated Press

El Paso, TX (AP) — President Barack Obama stood near the border with Mexico on Tuesday and declared it more secure than ever, trying to build pressure on Republicans to take on a politically explosive comprehensive immigration overhaul — and eagerly working to show vital Hispanic voters that he is not the one standing in the way.

Countering Republican calls to focus on border security before moving to a comprehensive overhaul, Obama said their demands have been more than met by his administration but “they’ll never be satisfied.”

On his first trip to the U.S.-Mexico border since becoming president, Obama boasted of increasing border patrol agents, nearing completion of a border fence, and screening more cargo. Obama is trying to build public support for legislation congressional Republicans don’t want to pass.

“We have gone above and beyond what was requested by the very Republicans who said they supported broader reform as long as we got serious about enforcement,” Obama said. “But even though we’ve answered these concerns, I gotta say I suspect there are still going to be some who are trying to move the goal posts on us one more time.”

“Maybe they’ll need a moat,” Obama said mockingly to laughter from the crowd. “Maybe they’ll want alligators in the moat.”

The push comes as many Latino voters, believing that the president never made good on his campaign promise to tackle immigration laws in the first year of his presidency, want to see him do more. They want Obama not just to push legislation but to act unilaterally to slow some deportations, something he has refused to do.

At the same time, the strategy allows Obama to highlight that Republicans are the ones blocking an immigration bill — shifting responsibility away from himself as his re-election campaign approaches.

Obama tailored his argument to the times, making his case for immigration reform in tough economic terms. He argued that the middle class would benefit from bringing undocumented immigrants out of an underground economy and drawing on the abilities of immigrants educated in American universities.

Republicans disputed Obama’s contention that the border has been effectively secured and accused him of playing politics in pursuit of the ever-growing Hispanic electorate ahead of the 2012 presidential election. With Republicans in control of the House of Representatives there’s no longer any appetite in Congress for the comprehensive legislation Obama wants that would offer a path to citizenship for the 11 million undocumented immigrants in the U.S.

“The president’s off talking about comprehensive reform. We’ve been down that road before,” Republican House Majority Leader Eric Cantor told reporters. “I believe, in turn, we should do things that actually produce some progress and results.”

But instead of trying to make deals in Congress — where even some Republicans who once supported a comprehensive overhaul have turned against it — Obama is taking his argument to the country, using the singular megaphone of the presidency to try to build a groundswell of support for legislation.

“I am asking you to add your voices to this,” Obama said in El Paso. “We need Washington to know that there is a movement for reform gathering strength from coast to coast. That’s how we’ll get this done.”

Obama’s personal pitch was the latest step in a visible campaign to build support and pressure on Republicans to act. He went so far as to encourage people to sign up to help him at the White House website. He said it was up to the American people to drive the debate and isolate areas where both parties can agree.

Obama said he would lead a “constructive and civil debate” on the issue but publicly questioned the motives of Republicans and their ability to keep their word.

The president, avoiding a confrontation with Congress, declined to offer a bill or set a deadline for Congress to produce one.

Realistically, the president and his advisers know a bill wouldn’t go far. They also know Hispanic voters are critical to the president’s re-election. Latinos accounted for more than 7 percent of voters in the 2008 presidential election, according to the Pew Hispanic Center, and their numbers are greater in certain swing states like Nevada, New Mexico, Colorado, and Florida.

Obama’s decision to abandon the legislative track for the public relations one is a bow to political realities. The president wasn’t even able to get legislation through a Democratically-controlled Congress last year that would have provided a route to legal status for college students and others who were brought to the country as children. The so-called DREAM Act passed the House, then controlled by Democrats, but was blocked by Republicans in the Senate, where 60 out of 100 votes are normally needed to pass major legislation.

The Senate now has even more Republicans after last November’s elections, and Republicans control the House. That means immigration reform can’t happen unless both parties cooperate. Nonetheless, Senate Democrats planned to reintroduce the DREAM Act on Wednesday, with their counterparts in the House following suit. Given Republican opposition the bills likely won’t get far, but Obama will try to make certain voters know who to blame.

Associated Press writers Ben Feller, Suzanne Gamboa, and Jim Kuhnhenn contributed to this report.